Dldp achievements during 2017 in Waste Management
Dldp practices and evidences on Waste Management were a solid base for the fruitful cooperation with German partners and new leadership of Ministry of Tourism and Environment. Dldp managed to anchor all the produced know-how in the draft of revised Strategy on Waste Management as well as upgrade the developed Dibër model into national plans for policy intervention. The waste management policy framework will be the first one, which fully reflects the principles of decentralizations.
Dldp’s experience with Municipality of Dibër in rehabilitation of the existing disposal site was welcomed by Ministry of Tourism and Environment, as a positive case to be disseminated countrywide. It has been articulated by MoTE that based on such experience, there will be initiated and approved a sub-legal act aiming to support municipalities in reducing illegal disposal sites.
Consolidation of new strategic documents has been an important feature during 2017 working period, due not only to recurrent documents that have been prepared, but as well as Performance and benchmarking in waste management, performance indicators for delegated functions, etc.
The Model of Cost and Tariff in Local Waste Management designed and promoted by dldp, continues to be functional 6 dldp partner Municipalities. Established as a unified system for collection of waste management tariffs, it has contributed to increase revenues by 1.6% in 2017 vs 2016. Based on dldp experience and good practices developed in the waste management sector, this model has been thoroughly analyzed at central government level and ready to be introduced [by GoA Decision] as a unified national system.
Thematic working groups in waste management have been carried forward in a very good cooperation with donors (GIZ and PLGP/USAID) producing concrete results. In the WM sector, dldp continued its support for collecting the data for the waste map. Dldp has worked closely with GIZ to put back in function institutional consultation platforms in relation to the drafting of the new National Strategy of WM, by mainstreaming all its experience and know-how.
Dldp has supported one cultural event as part of its working strategy in the waste management sector. The concert ZÂ Fest held in the Alps area, and was attended by more than 3,000 people.
Achievements during 2014 in Waste Management
Follow up of activities related to dldp 2 have resulted to increased citizen’s satisfaction on waste management services in Shkodër municipality due to the increased volume of recycled waste. The necessary infrastructure for sorting at source has gone closer to public institutions, mostly schools. Pupils have been involved in recycling campaigns.
As a result 9000 pupils participated in recycling campaign; collecting approx. 5 tons of recycled waste (within a period of three months’ time), meanwhile the community and local businesses have collected more than 12 tons of a value of 2,700 CHF.
The efforts for optimization of costs related to waste service have concluded in Pukë and Malësi e Madhe with an agreed inter-LGU scheme, which reduces the costs of the service from 15-55%, depending from the position and population of LGUs. For the first time, a group of LGU-s formally agreed to provide jointly the service through the same private company (Malësi e Madhe) / public service enterprise (Pukë). Different other pilot initiatives have been welcomed by local communities like agricultural composting in Dajç or supporting recycling through formalizing Roma people activity in Lezha. These first initiatives lay the ground for concrete results and sustainable changes in the quality and costs of the service.
Pilot scale achievements have been recorded aiming to build good practices with replication potential: Ministry of Environment presented Recycling Championship implemented at Shkodër Municipality as an innovative practices at the Advisory Group for Waste Management by launching so a fund raising campaign to upgrade it at national level.
With regard to other development partners, GIZ’s support to the Water Regulatory Entity built on dldp’s proposal of a regulatory body in waste management.
Achievements of dldp phase II
• Compared to when dldp 2 started supporting partner LGUs comprehensively in waste management, additional 112’700 persons have now access to waste management services in the Shkodra and Lezha regions (from 104’600 inhabitants in 2010 to 217’300 inhabitants in 2012).
• 7 out of the 18 supported LGUs have started providing waste services for the first time. The local budget allocation for the waste service has been increased in all supported LGUs on an average of 11 %.
• 5 out of 18 LGUs have now formal recycling activities in their territories. In Lezha 1047 tons/year are recycled and in Shkodra 550 tons/year. In 2007 at the start of dldp, there were neither recycling facilities available nor any official recycling was taking place in LGUs at all.
• A manual on local waste management planning cost was developed and is a broadly consulted tool for planning and implementing local waste management service according to the national strategy. It is recognized by national authorities.
• A study on ‘Optimization model of waste collection and transport in Albania’ was conducted.
• Through this study 54 LGUs of Shkodra and Lezha have been provided with a detailed cost analysis of waste services with the potentials for cost optimization. For 22 LGUs it is the very first time that cost of the service were calculated. If the foreseen scenarios in the study will be implemented, service costs can be reduced by up to 40%.
• As stated in the last EU report European Commission (2013) implementing legislation in waste took place only in three regions, two of which covered from dldp. Hence, the dldp experiences and results have been used to develop regional plans in Shkodra and Lezha.